Prepositions "With", "Over", and "By"
Used to indicate being together or being involved:
Used to indicate "having":
- I ordered a sandwich with a drink.
- He was with his friend when he saw me.
- She has been working with her sister at the nail shop.
- The manager will be with you shortly.
Used to indicate "using":
- I met a guy with green eyes.
- Were you the one talking with an accent?
- People with a lot of money are not always happy.
Used to indicate feeling:
- I wrote a letter with the pen you gave me.
- This is the soup that I made with rice and barley.
- He cut my hair with his gold scissors.
Used to indicate agreement or understanding:
- I am emailing you with my sincere apology.
- He came to the front stage with confidence.
- Are you with me?
- Yes, I am completely with you.
- She agrees with me.
Used to indicate movement from one place to another:
Used to indicate movement downward:
- Come over to my house for dinner sometime.
- Could you roll over?
- They sent over a gift for his promotion.
Used to indicate more than an expected number or amount:
- The big tree fell over on the road.
- Can you bend over and get the dish for me?
- He pushed it over the edge.
Used to indicate a period of time:
- This amount is over our prediction.
- Kids twelve and over can watch this movie.
- The phone rang for over a minute.
- I worked there over a year.
- She did not sleep there over this past month.
Used to indicate proximity:
Used to indicate the person that does something in a passive voice sentence:
- Can I sit by you?
- He was standing by me.
- The post office is by the bank.
Used to indicate an action with a particular purpose:
- The microwave was fixed by the mechanic.
- The flowers were delivered by a postman.
- The branch office was closed by the head office.
Used to indicate a mean or method:
- You can pass the exam by preparing for it.
- I expressed my feeling toward her by writing a letter.
- She finally broke the record by pure effort.
- Please send this package to Russia by airmail.
- I came here by subway.
Choose the correct preposition in each sentence.
1) If she left at 4 p.m., she should be here (with, over, by) now.
2) Go (with, over, by) there and catch my ball.
3) (With, Over, By) your determination, you will be able to achieve your dream.
4) I just found it! It was (with, over, by) the radio on my desk.
5) I knocked him (with, over, by) accidentally.
6) She was (with, over, by) me when the accident occurred.