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Sentence Patterns using "Do...? / Does...?"

We use these questions when we want to ask yes/no questions with verbs. These questions are in the present tense. We use them to ask about general truths, routines, and regular actions or events.

We use "do" with some subjects, and "does" with other subjects. We need to memorize these.

Do I...?Do you...?
Do we...? / Do Jon and I...?Does he...? / Does Jon...?
Does she...? / Does Mary...?Does it...? / Does the pen...?
Do they...? / Do Mary and Jon...?Do they...? / Do the pens...?

Do/Does + subject + verb...?

The question might end after the verb.
  • Do you swim?
  • Does he smoke?
  • Does this computer work?
  • Does Mark exercise?
Many sentences will have more information after the verb.
  • Do you play basketball on the weekends?
  • Does she study at the coffee shop with your friends?
  • Do I need to come early tomorrow?
  • Do you like pizza?
  • Do you have any brothers?
  • Do we need anything from the store?
  • Do they work here?
  • Do those people know you?
  • Do these books have audio?
  • Do Bill and Jane live together?
  • Does he like to golf?
  • Does Dan have any children?
  • Does she have a sister?
  • Does it cost a lot of money?
  • Does that man work with you?
  • Does that teacher have many students?
  • Does this credit card work everywhere?
  • Does this company have good benefits?
Bonus Tips and Points

1. Some words in the present tense can be used to talk about the future.
  • Do we need to leave early tomorrow?
  • Does she have to work next Saturday?
  • Do you think it will rain tomorrow?
  • Does he plan to travel next year?
  • Does she intend to tell him the truth tomorrow?
2. These are yes/no questions. We can answer with short or long answers.

Do you like pizza?
  • Yes, I like pizza.
  • No, I don't like pizza.
  • Yes, I do.
  • No, I don't.
  • Yes.
  • No.
Real-World English Conversations

A) Do you live with your parents?
B) No. I live alone. I lived with my parents last year, but I decided to move out.

A) Does she work at a hospital?
B) Yes, she does. She is a surgeon.

A) Do you enjoy yoga?
B) No, I don't. But I heard it is very healthy for you. Maybe I should try.

A) Do the cookies taste good?
B) Yes. They are so good. Do you want one?
A) Yes, please.

A) Does the shirt fit you?
B) Actually, it is a little small. Do you have a bigger size?
A) Let me check in the back.

A) Do you have siblings?
B) Yes. I have one sister and one brother. Do you have any?
A) Nope. I am an only child.

Study these free English lessons to improve your English speaking. If you learn these common sentence patterns well, then your English speaking will improve greatly and you will be able to have fluent conversations in English in the near future! Study the lessons well, practice using the sentences and questions at home and in real life, and make sure to come back to review the material so you do not forget. If you do these three things, then you will be speaking English like a native English speaker in no time!

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